Indonesia is known as a country with art from different regions, and Central Java is no exception. Below is a list of typical Central Java traditional arts that you need to know to deepen your knowledge. Come on, look!
The first traditional art in Central Java is Ketoplak, a play by the city of Surakarta.
The source of the Ketoprac story comes from history and folklore, and may be interspersed with comedy. A player in traditional clothing that appears to be accompanied by a lineage of instruments typical of Central Java.
2. Shadow puppet
Who doesn’t know this typical Indonesian puppet show? Wayang Kulit is played by a puppeteer who appears behind a shaded curtain. This traditional performing art has also been performed from ancient times to the present, and performances are held to maintain its existence.
The character played by Wayan Krit is a character in a Hindu religious history story, which comes from the books of Mahabharata and Ramayana.
Like Ketoplak, Wayang Kulit’s performance is accompanied by a lineage of Central Java instruments played live.
3. Puppet Jembrunn
Wayang Jemblung has long been known as a ritual for the safety of the birth of a newborn baby. Today, Puppet Jemblung is shown as a traditional Central Javanese art for entertainment that continues to be preserved.
The difference is that Puppet Jemblung’s performance is not accompanied by a Central Java instrumental lineage, but by a live song by the singer.
4. Lengger Calung
Lengger means dancer and Calung means bamboo gamelan. This traditional art, typical of Central Java, is a dynamic dance whose movement follows the sound of bamboo gamelan.
Lengger Calung dancers wear kenben with shawls on their shoulders and cloth. The show is accompanied by at least seven bamboo gamelan players
Vegaran is a typical traditional art of Central Java that originated in the Banyuma region. The Vegaran performance is one of the traditions of the wedding procession. That is, when the groom came to the bride’s house or the place where the wedding was held.
Vegalan performers are usually middle-aged men who have traditional kitchen utensils. Sieving, jug, wicker fan, etc.
Anguk can be regarded as a typical traditional art of Central Java unlike any other. Because this dance is performed by 10 male dancers in one group. In the past, Anguk was used by the Kingdom of Mataram as a means of preaching Islam.
However, with the times, DIY, an Angk dance that originated from Kron Progo, played by female dancers in various costumes, is also well known.
In addition, Ebeg is one of the typical traditional arts of Central Java. Ebeg is similar to Kudalamp art featuring a dancer who behaves like a warrior with a horse doll.
The courage of a warrior riding a stuffed horse is shown as a hallmark of Ebeg Dance.
8. Umbrella Bondan Dance
Bondan Payun Dance appears not only in dance, but also in the story of a mother who loves children. A typical Central Java dressed dancer acts with some props such as babydolls, umbrellas and jugs.
After that, the dancer must climb the jug being carried and it must not break. Isn’t it unique? Bondan Payun Dance can be divided into three types: Bondan Shindongo Dance, Bondan Dance, Mardisiwi, and Bondantani Dance. This dance is still a typical traditional art of Central Java and is still preserved.
9. Gambion Dance
Ganbyeong dance is one of the typical traditional arts of Central Java. This dance is performed by the gentle movements of a dancer who is flexible in the body. Once upon a time, this dance was performed with gratitude to the farmers at the time of harvest.
It’s no wonder that the dominant colors in this dance costume are yellow and green. It represents the color of rice as a major agricultural product.
10. Serinpi Dance
The traditional art of Central Java is very diverse, one of which is Serimpidance. This classical dance comes from Surakarta, which came from the Kingdom of Mataram.
Gentle movements are characteristic of serimpidance performed to the sound of Javanese gamelan.
Not many know, but it turns out that Srandul is known as a dance drama other than Kethoprak. Actors play certain characters, sometimes dancing and singing. They are dressed in traditional Central Java clothing, and some appear to be wearing masks.
Srandul performances are usually performed at night, with gamelan music and other instruments, and Central Javanese songs.
12. Lotus root
There is another traditional art, lotus root, expressed as post-harvest gratitude. This art is performed by the community in groups, carrying rice ties as a harvest on bamboo or wooden sticks.
Then swing the pole until you hear a frog-like fricative.
Traditional art in Central Java also includes art in the field of literature. Makapat is a traditional song or poem that has existed from the Kingdom of Majapahit to the beginning of the Warisongo era.
Macapat consists of lines of sentences called gatra. Each of these gatras has several syllables, ending with the final rhyme or called a singing teacher.
Dengklung is a typical Central Java traditional art that originated in Batan Regency. This Islamic religious art takes the form of chanting the Durood, sung by a group of female or male singers. This Dengklung performance is accompanied by music from Middle Eastern instruments such as tambourines.
15. Tofu skin
This traditional art is a dance similar to the Jaipon dance in West Java. Female and male dancers dance with a scarf hanging from their shoulders.
Tayuban is still displayed at weddings and circumcisions. Especially when welcoming the bride and groom or in the procession of children after being circumcised.
16. Lump horse or Jatilan
Most people already seem to know Kudalamp, one of the typical traditional arts of Central Java. This dance is performed by a dancer riding a horse doll with a sword. Magical power involvement is also often used by powerful and reliable performers.
In the past, Kuda Lamp was used as a magical ritual for certain rituals. But now, Kuda Lamp Art can be viewed as just an entertainment show.
17. Ramayana Ballet
As the name implies, the story of Ramayana is shown in this drama without dialogue. Ramayana is said to have fought hard to save his wife, Shinta, who was kidnapped by Ravana.
Since 1961, he has been able to regularly meet Ramayana Ballet performances at the Prambanan Temples.
18. Dranan Song
The last traditional art in Central Java is Ten Band Lanan. Traditional songs such as Cublak-cublak Suweng and Mushroom were sung by children.
These songs are usually sung in groups while playing and dancing traditional games.
19. Lump horse dance
The art of Kudalamp is the same as a soldier riding a horse. Of course, the horse you use is not a real horse, but a horse that is usually woven like a horse made of bamboo. This dance has a fairly magical element, as there are usually dancers in trance due to the rituals contained in this art.
There are also some extreme attractions during the show, such as eating glasses, walking on broken glasses, and dangerous scenes. Basically, this dance depicts the heroic soul of a soldier riding a horse during the war.
Makapat is a poetic-shaped Javanese literary work, with rules of writing, dominated by the ties and number of lines of the Guru Gatra, the singing teacher and the falling sounds of the end of the line, and the Guru. wilangan or the number of syllables in each line. Makapat contains a moral message that can be used as a guide to social life.
Unfortunately, at this point, the Javanese people themselves rarely know about Makapat. This art can still be found in some parts of Central Java, such as Klaten.